Introduction to Antibiotics

What you will learn

Chemistry

IUPAC name

Detail monograph

Mechanism of drugs

Description

Introduction to antibiotics, nomenclature, classification, B-lactum antibiotics, Non-lactum antibiotics, microlide antibiotics

Antibiotics– Benzyl penicillin*, Phenoxy methyl penicillin*, Benzathine penicillin, Ampicillin*, Cloxacillin, Carbencicillin, Gentamicin, Neomycin, Erythromycin, Tetracycline, Cephalexin, Cephaloridine, Cephalothin, Griseofulvin, Chloramphenicol.

Antibiotics are medicines that help stop infections caused by bacteria.

• They do this by killing the bacteria or by keeping them from copying themselves or reproducing.

• The word antibiotic means “against life.”

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• Any drug that kills germs in your body is technically an antibiotic.

• Antibiotics are the chemical substances derived from or metabolically produced by living organisms, which are capable of inhibiting the life processes of other microorganisms,in small concentration.

• It also includes the synthetic compounds which are structural analogues of naturally occurring antibiotics.

Antibiotics should only be prescribed to treat health problems: that are not serious but are unlikely to clear up without antibiotics – such as acne.

Antibiotics fight bacterial infections either by killing bacteria or slowing and suspending its growth.

• They do this by: attacking the wall or coating surrounding bacteria. interfering with bacteria reproduction.

•Thus ampicillin, though not produced by living organisms, is a structural analogue of benzyl penicillin. Hence it is an antibiotic.

Antibiotics– Benzyl penicillin*, Phenoxy methyl penicillin*, Benzathine penicillin, Ampicillin*, Cloxacillin, Carbencicillin, Gentamicin, Neomycin, Erythromycin, Tetracycline, Cephalexin, Cephaloridine, Cephalothin, Griseofulvin, Chloramphenicol.

Antibiotics are medicines that help stop infections caused by bacteria.


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• They do this by killing the bacteria or by keeping them from copying themselves or reproducing.

• The word antibiotic means “against life.”

• Any drug that kills germs in your body is technically an antibiotic.

• Antibiotics are the chemical substances derived from or metabolically produced by living organisms, which are capable of inhibiting the life processes of other microorganisms,in small concentration.

• It also includes the synthetic compounds which are structural analogues of naturally occurring antibiotics.

Antibiotics should only be prescribed to treat health problems: that are not serious but are unlikely to clear up without antibiotics – such as acne.

Antibiotics fight bacterial infections either by killing bacteria or slowing and suspending its growth.

• They do this by: attacking the wall or coating surrounding bacteria. interfering with bacteria reproduction.

•Thus ampicillin, though not produced by living organisms, is a structural analogue of benzyl penicillin. Hence it is an antibiotic.

English

Language

Content

Introduction

Introduction to Antibiotics, classification

Introduction to Antibiotics

Introduction to b-lactum antiiotics

Introduction to B-lactum antiboitics

Introduction to non lactum antibiotics

Introduction to microlide antibiotics