• Post category:Udemy (June 2022)
  • Reading time:7 mins read

An online course on the past and present of Crimea and its indigenous people — the Crimean Tatars

What you will learn

Why it is necessary to study the history of Crimea and Crimean Tatars

Ancient history of the peninsula

The Crimean Khanate

The colonial policy of the Russian Empire towards Crimea

The fate of Crimea and Crimean Tatars in Soviet times

Crimea as an autonomous republic in Ukraine

Temporary occupation of Crimea by Russia

Culture and daily life of the Crimean Tatars


Crimea is a famous landmark that has witnessed many well-known historical events such as the Crimean War (1853-56) and the Yalta Conference (1945). And Crimean landscapes have become an inspiration for writers and artists. However, Crimea is much more than that.

In this course, we suggest you discover a different side to Crimea and learn about its complex past by looking at Crimea from the perspective of its indigenous people — the Crimean Tatars. Awareness of Crimea and its history is essential for understanding historical developments in Eastern Europe, problems of indigenous peoples, and political, military, and ideological challenges of the modern world.

Scholars from Ukraine and Turkey will help you do that.

Dr. Olena Soboleva, ethnologist, anthropologist, senior researcher at the Research Institute of Ukrainian Studies (Kyiv), head of the Center for Applied Anthropology, and author of the book “Crimean Tatar Cuisine”

Dr. Martin-Oleksandr Kisly, a historian of Crimean Tatars and lecturer at National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, whose Ph.D. thesis is entitled “Crimean Tatars’ Return to the Homeland in 1956-1989.”.

Dr. Maksym Sviezhentsev, a historian of Crimea, received his Ph.D. from the University of Western Ontario with a dissertation entitled “Phantom Limb: Russian Settler Colonialism in the Post-Soviet Crimea (1990-1997).”

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Alim Aliev, Deputy Director-General of the Ukrainian Institute, journalist, human rights defender, and curator of cultural and educational projects. PEN Ukraine member, co-founder of Crimea SOS. Rapporteur of advocacy missions to international organizations, EU, and US political institutions on the situation in Crimea.

Dr. Hakan Kirimli, Professor in the Department of International Relations at Bilkent University (Ankara), a member of the board of the General Center for Cultural and Mutual Assistance of Crimean Turkic Turks in Turkey, and author of the book “National Movements and National Identity Among the Crimean Tatars (1905-1916)” (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1996).

Dr. Oleksandra Gaidai, a historian, the Head of Academic Programs at the Ukrainian Institute, a specialist in memory studies, an alumna of the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, and Harvard Ukraine Summer Institute. Author of the book “Stone Guest: Lenin Statues in Central Ukraine.”


  • Kateryna Popravka, professional interpreter, presenter
  • Oles Gardzhuk, communicator, and TV presenter

The online course “Crimea: History and People” has been developed by the Ukrainian Institute and online education studio EdEra with the financial support of the International Renaissance Foundation.

All visuals, photographs, and video materials are taken from open public sources and used exclusively for educational purposes.



Section Introduction

Promo video

Crimean Tatars: general context

Introduction: why you should learn about Crimean Tatars

The Crimean Khanate

Crimea before the Crimean Khanate
Origins of Crimean Tatars and their state Crimean Khanate
The Crimean Khanate as a political and military player in Eastern Europe
Infographics about Umer Ashek
Section 2 test

The process of incorporation of Crimea into the Russian Empire

Annexation of Crimea by Russia in 1783 and its consequences for the peninsula
List of references and readings
Section 3 test

Modernization: the colony as an “imperial garden”

Modernization: the colony as an “imperial garden”
Crimean tourism in the USSR
Section 4 test

Crimea during the Revolution and Civil War (1917-1921)

Crimea during the Revolution and Civil War (1917-1921)
Kurultai and its significance
Section 5 test

Crimea during soviet period

Ambiguity of the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Claiming the Homeland. Deportation and Return of Crimean Tatars
Famous champions of the rights of Crimean Tatars
Section 6 test

Crimea as part of independent Ukraine

Crimea and Crimean Tatars in independent Ukraine
Russian occupation of Crimea in 2014
Crimean political prisoners
Section 7 test

Culture and traditions of Сrimean Tatars

Lifestyle, traditions, and beliefs of the Crimean Tatars before the 20th century
Crimean Tatars’ culture and identity today
Crimean tatar`s cuisine
Section 8 test

Final test

Final test