Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) Development using : Python, Django, Rest, Flask, PostgreSQL

What you will learn

Setup Python Development Environment

Setup Django Development Environment

Setup Flask Development Environment

Setup PostgreSQL Database

Build an API with Python and Flask

Build an API with Python , Django, PostgreSQL

Test API Using Postman

Description

An API is a set of definitions and protocols for building and integrating application software. It’s sometimes referred to as a contract between an information provider and an information user—establishing the content required from the consumer (the call) and the content required by the producer (the response). For example, the API design for a weather service could specify that the user supply a zip code and that the producer reply with a 2-part answer, the first being the high temperature, and the second being the low. 

In other words, if you want to interact with a computer or system to retrieve information or perform a function, an API helps you communicate what you want to that system so it can understand and fulfill the request.

You can think of an API as a mediator between the users or clients and the resources or web services they want to get. It’s also a way for an organization to share resources and information while maintaining security, control, and authentication—determining who gets access to what.

Another advantage of an API is that you don’t have to know the specifics of caching—how your resource is retrieved or where it comes from.

A REST API (also known as Restful API) is an application programming interface (API or web API) that conforms to the constraints of REST architectural style and allows for interaction with Restful web services. REST stands for representational state transfer and was created by computer scientist Roy Fielding.

REST is a set of architectural constraints, not a protocol or a standard. API developers can implement REST in a variety of ways.

When a client request is made via a Restful API, it transfers a representation of the state of the resource to the requester or endpoint. This information, or representation, is delivered in one of several formats via HTTP: JSON (JavaScript Object Notation), HTML, XLT, Python, PHP, or plain text. JSON is the most generally popular file format to use because, despite its name, it’s language-agnostic, as well as readable by both humans and machines.

Python is a computer programming language often used to build websites and software, automate tasks, and conduct data analysis. Python is a general purpose language, meaning it can be used to create a variety of different programs and isn’t specialized for any specific problems. This versatility, along with its beginner-friendliness, has made it one of the most-used programming languages today.

Python, one of the most popular programming languages in the world, has created everything from Netflix’s recommendation algorithm to the software that controls self-driving cars. Python is a general-purpose language, which means it’s designed to be used in a range of applications, including data science, software and web development, automation, and generally getting stuff done.

Django is a high-level Python web framework that enables rapid development of secure and maintainable websites. Built by experienced developers, Django takes care of much of the hassle of web development, so you can focus on writing your app without needing to reinvent the wheel. It is free and open source, has a thriving and active community, great documentation, and many options for free and paid-for support.

Flask is a micro web framework written in Python. It is classified as a micro framework because it does not require particular tools or libraries.

PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source object-relational database system that uses and extends the SQL language combined with many features .

Postman is an application used for API testing. It is an HTTP client that tests HTTP requests, utilizing a graphical user interface, through which we obtain different types of responses that need to be subsequently validated.

English

Language

Content

Introduction

Introduction

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What is an API

What is REST API

What is Python

What is Django

What is Flask

What is PostgreSQL

PostgreSQL Database Setup

Installing PostgreSQL on Windows

Installing PostgreSQL on Mac

Installing PostgreSQL on Linux

Installing PgAdmin Tool on MacOS

Installing PgAdmin Tool on Linux

Connecting to PostgreSQL Using PgAdmin Tool

Python Setup

Installing Python on Windows

Installing Python on Macs

Installing Python on Linux

What are Text Editors

installing Atom Text Editor

Installing Visual Studio Code

Create virtual environments on Windows

Create virtual environments on Macs

Create virtual environments on Linux


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Activate virtual environment on Windows

Activate virtual environment on Macs

Activate virtual environment on Linux

Django Setup | API Development

Creating and activating a virtual environment

Installing Django

Installing Django REST framework

Installing Corsheaders

Create a new Django Project

Create a new Django App

Django App vs Django Project

Registering Django App

Django PostgreSQL Database Setup

Executing initial migration

Creating a Django Model

Creating and applying new migrations

Creating a serializer class

Starting and stopping Django Server

Creating a superuser account

Creating views – Part 1

Creating views – Part 2

Mapping views to URLS

Register Model with admin site

Creating Model Objects

Installing Postman

Testing API

Project Code

Flask Setup | API Development Environment

Creating and activating a virtual environment

Install Flask

Setup Flask Environment Variables

Install Flask-Restful

Creating and initializing a Python Module

What is a Python Dictionary

Creating a Python directory

Create a class and route

Add post method to class

Test API with GET & POST Methods

Creating a second class with methods

Testing API Using CRUD Operations

What is Http

What are Http Request Methods

What are Http Response Status Codes

API Source Code